General Duties Of The Judges
- The judge is positioned near the mat / Ring opposite the officials' table. If it is necessary, he may stand up from his seat and moving along the edge of the mat / Ring came closer to the contestants to see the situation better.
- The judge evaluates contestants' actions independently signaling his evaluations with the proper gestures.
- In all the cases when to his opinion the bout shall be interrupted, the judge makes a proper gesture thus attracting the referee's attention and points out certain moments of the contest.
- Each judge must independently consider the merits of the two fighters and chose the winner according to the regulations.
- During the match, he will not talk to fighter, other judges, or anybody else, with the exception of the referee. He may, if necessary at the end of a round, notify the referee about any incident that he has missed, for example telling him about the misbehavior of a second, etc.
- A judge will mark the number of points granted to each fighter on his score.
- Sheet and in professional bouts only his decision will be announced to the public at the end of the match.
- During a round the judge will use the back of the scorecard to record the number of hits he sees, either by a number or by numbers of lines. The red corner fighter is on the left side and the blue corner fighter always on the right on both sides of the score sheet. The points/recorded hits must be listed separately for each round.
- He will not leave his place until the decision has been announced. While on duty, a judge must use clickers.
- All judges are required to be certified in the event that they are judging.
- Judges are required to limit their motions to their respective areas of the ring.
Conflict of Interest
- Because of the nature of this duty, all Judges must ensure that no conflict of interest exists. In these instances all Judges must follow the procedure. Failure to do so may result in future disqualification.
Points Awarded By Judges
In awarding points, the following rules must be respected:
Directive 1 - concerning blows
During each round, a judge will mark respective score for each player, according to the number of technically controlled blows that each one has received. To count a fist or a kick blow must not be blocked, even partially deviated or stopped. The value of recorded blows in a fight will be counted at the end of each round and granted to the better player, according to his degree of superiority. Blows given by a player will not be taken into account:
Directive 2 - concerning offenses
- if they are contrary to the regulations
- if they land on the arms
- if they are weak and do not come from legs, body or shoulders.
During each round a judge cannot penalize each offence he sees, regardless of whether the referee has noticed it or not. He has to call the referee's attention to that offense. If the referee gives an official warning to one of the fighters, the judges must note it, writing W on the FOULS column on the scoring sheet, but that does not mean a direct minus point to the other fighter. When a judge decides to give a minus point to a fighter, the judge will put a "-1" in the appropriate column next to the points of the fighters who has received the warning, certifying thus, that he has to take it away from his final score .
Directive 3 - awarding points
Each Judge is to award points based on their own observations and should not be swayed by the actions or voices of others. The only exception is following an instruction from a Referee. Points must award in accordance with the criteria for each event.
Referee and Judges Duties
Selection Of Referees, Judges And Officials
- During World or other international championships, each bout in a ring must be supervised by a HBIO international acknowledged Observer/Organizer of the Ring, especially appointed by International Referee Committee, who can officiate in the centre, but will not fill out score sheets.
- Each bout is graded by three International Judges. The three HBIO Judges will be seated away from the spectators and close to the ring. Each of the three Judges must be seated in the middle of three respective sides of the ring.
- HBIO judges/referees must attend the pre agreed HBIO referee international seminars before they will be allowed to officiate in a HBIO World or Continental Championships that year. Their referees license/card must be renewed every two years.
- To ensure neutrality, the Referees and the three Judges for each bout will be chosen by the Observer/Organizer of the Ring on duty in that ring, according to the following rules:
- Each official will come from a country and Federation different from that of the others and from that of the fighters.
- In no way may two of the Officials of the same bout come from the same country, unless it is due to an uncontrollable event.
- An official may not be born or live in a country which is a dominion, colony or in any way dependant of the country of either Player taking part in the bout.
- In the case of an official having changed nationality, he will not officiate in a bout where one of the fighters or other officiating Judges comes from his native country.
- In the case of the Observer/Organizer of the Ring not being able to apply the above mentioned directives due to special circumstances, it will find a solution which will ensure neutrality and impartiality of appointed officials, followed by a prompt report to the International Referee Committee.
- In the case of the Observer/Organizer of the Ring not being able, for any reason, to apply the preceding directives, the name or names of the Official or Officials will be chosen by drawing lots, by the Chairman of the International Referee Committee, or any other person on his behalf, for the bout in question.
- In the case of international matches between the Teams of two or more National Associations, a bout could be supervised according to an agreement between the official representatives of the Federations in question, provided that the agreement does not go beyond basic Refereeing principles set forth in the in the HBIO regulations.
- Persons in charge of Refereeing or judging of a bout, or a series of bouts, will not at any moment of the bout or bouts be allowed to act as a manager, trainer, coach or second of a Player or team of Player taking part in a bout; or to act as an official in a match in which a fighter from his country participates.
- The International Referee Committee or its official representatives, to comply with the request of the jury, temporarily or permanently can suspend from his functions any Referee who, in their opinion, does not respect HBIO regulations; or any Judge whose marks are not considered satisfactory.
- Should the Referee be inadequate in the course of a bout, the Observer/Organizer of the Ring will hold him back and stop the match. The Referee next on the HBIO international list of neutral Referees will receive the necessary instructions to direct and officiate the rest of the bout. A Referee will officiate in the ring. He will wear a HBIO uniform.
- The HBIO International Referee Committee of Ring Sports will select 2 chief referees per fighting ring. Their main responsibility is to organize the central referees and judges according to the nationalities of fighters and to observe every single match in order to be ready to educate referees and judges in case of mistakes or to be able to handle pro-tests. They can alternate their role. Also, they
- May interrupt the Fight to answer or deal with protests.
- May interrupt the Fight if the Rules are not being applied correctly.
- Shall act as Chief Arbitrator for the Ring Areas.
- May remove Referee and Judges who are not performing at an acceptable standard.
- May appoint an assistant to substitute a member when necessary.
- Officiating is considered a prestigious position and therefore all Referees, Judges and Officials must hold the rank of Black Belt or above as issued by Hapkido Boxing International Organization. This rule does not apply where an Honorary Official is named or for special services.
- All Referees, Judges and Officials must have completed the HBIO Certification Course. Officials must be thoroughly knowledgeable in understanding, interpreting and administrating all aspects of the rules. This can only be accomplished through diligent study of the rulebook and training under actual competition conditions. A certification course and examination will be held the day prior to the Games. This rule does not apply where an Honorary Official is named or for special services.
- Officials shall not be chosen for the Hapkido Boxing International Organization based solely on wishes or country equalization.
- A "Conflict of Interest" is considered when the duty or responsibility of a Referee, Judge or Official is compromised. All Referees, Judges and Officials must ensure that no "Conflict of Interest" will exist in their.
- Participation in a particular event. Where a Player, Coach, Referee, Judge or Official, believes there may be a "Conflict of Interest" situation, the person with whom the conflict exists must either withdraw from the event or seek the ruling and decision of the Chief Referee. If the decision of the Chief Referee is requested, the Chief Referee will ensure that the incident and resolution is recorded on the event scorecard.
- The Chief Referee will be voted in at the officials meeting prior to the world championships. One nomination will be accepted from each country. At any time during the tournament the Chief Referee, in his or her wisdom may reject officials who do not meet these criteria without recourse for protest or debate.
- HBIO National Directors are to sit at the head table as much as possible for the administering of decisions and policy. They can also be considered for positions as Referees or Judges.
- Medical personnel shall be available at all times, easily recognizable and attainable in one location only.
- Official dress for all referees, judges and most other officials will be chosen by the tournament director and approved by the HBIO prior to the event.
- The number of Referees, Judges required for an event, will be addressed in the Article covering the individual event.