Competition Rules : Article 26 to 30 - Group B

Article 26
Referee Qualification

  1. Officiating is considered a prestigious position and therefore all Referees, Judges and Officials must hold the rank of Black Belt or above as issued by a recognized Hapkido Boxing International Organization. This rule does not apply where an Honorary Official is named or for special services .
  2. All Referees, Judges and Officials must have completed the HBIO Certification Course. Officials must be thoroughly knowledgeable in understanding, interpreting and administrating all aspects of the rules. This can only be accomplished through diligent study of the rulebook and training under actual competition conditions. A certification course and examination will be held the day prior to the Games. This rule does not apply where an Honorary Official is named or for special services.
  3. A "Conflict of Interest" is considered when the duty or responsibility of a Referee, Judge or Official is compromised. All Referees, Judges and Officials must ensure that no "Conflict of Interest" will exist in their
  4. Participation in a particular event. Where a Player, Coach, Referee, Judge or Official, believes there may be a "Conflict of Interest" situation, the person with whom the conflict exists must either withdraw from the event or seek the ruling and decision of the Chief Referee. If the decision of the Chief Referee is requested, the Chief Referee will ensure that the incident and resolution is recorded on the event scorecard.
  5. The Chief Referee will be voted in at the officials meeting prior to the world championships. One nomination will be accepted from each country. At any time during the tournament the Chief Referee, in his or her wisdom may reject officials who do not meet these criteria without recourse for protest or debate.
  6. Official dress for all referees, judges and most other officials will be chosen by the tournament director and approved by the HBIO prior to the event.
  7. The number of Referees, Judges required for an event, will be addressed in the Article covering the individual event.
  8. They must know all commands in ENGLISH.
  9. Age should be more than 18 year old and less than 60 years old.

Article 27
Medical check-up of Referee
Before officiating in an international tournament regulated according to the above-mentioned rules, a referee must submit to a medical check-up in order to prove his physical fitness to fulfill his role on the Mat. His sight must be at least 6 dioptrics per eye. A referee is not allowed to wear glasses, but he may wear contact lenses. The referee is obliged to attend the meeting organized by the Medical Committee, before each Championship.

Article 28
Referees Powers
A referee may;
  1. Stop a fight at any moment if he finds it to be too one-sided and in the interest of health and safety...
  2. Stop a fight at any moment if one of the player has received an unauthorized blow or is wounded, or if he considers a fighter unable to continue.
  3. Stop a fight at any moment if he finds the fighters behaving in an "unsportsman-like" manner. In such a case, he must disqualify one or both Player's.
  4. Warn a player or stop the bout and give a minus point or warning to a player for an offence.
  5. Disqualify a coach or a second who has broken the regulations or the player himself if his coach or the second fails to obey to his orders.
  6. Disqualify, with or without a warning, a fighter who has committed an offence.
  7. Interpret the rules as long as they are applicable or compatible with the fight that is taking place, or, at a special moment, decide on a move which does not appear in the rules.
  8. If a player breaks the rules but does not necessarily deserve a disqualification, the Referee must stop the fight and give a warning to the player of a foul. Before the warning, the Referee must order the player to stop fighting. The warning must be given clearly, so that the player understands the reason and cause of the penalty.
  9. The referee must hand signal to each judge that a particular warning has been given and clearly show which Hapkido-boxer has been punished.
  10. After having given the warning, the referee orders the player to fight again.
  11. If a fighter has been given 3 official warnings within the same bout, he is disqualified.
  12. A referee may give a caution to a player. A caution means a warning given by a referee to a player for breaking a rule.
  13. In order to do this he doesn't need to stop the fight, and may reprimand the player during the fight.
  14. The Referee is charged with the supervision of the match and his or her prime goal is the safety of the players. The Referee administers and controls the tempo of the contest, enforces the rules and insures fair play.
  15. The Referee starts and stops the match, counts the time when a hold is taken, calls penalty decisions, administers the voting of the judges, communicates clearly with the scorekeeper and timekeeper and announces the winner of each match. The Referee shall announce in a loud clear voice, all official decisions, and shall indicate with voice and gestures, the player affected by his or her decisions.
  16. The Referee must not announce the winner by raising the Player's arms or in any other way announce decisions. If a Referee (after having so decided by majority decision with the three Judges) disqualifies a Player or stops the fight, he must first indicate to the Observer/Organizer of the Ring the Player who has been disqualified and give the reasons for stopping the fight, so that the Observer/Organizer of the Ring can inform the announcer, who will then, make a public announcement.
  17. In order not to disturb a close fight, the Referee should not stand in the way or break in too early. He must indicate to the Player, by appropriate signs or gestures, any violation of the Regulations.
  18. Only the Referee may call a time out, which maybe for any of the following reasons
    1. To allow equipment adjustment
    2. To administer voting among the judges
    3. To award points, assess penalties and administer warnings
    4. To return contestants to the centre, neutral area of the ring
    5. To attend an injured player .

Stopping the match:
Only the Referee has the power to stop the match. A Fighter may request a time-out raising his arm to check an injury or correct/fix his safety equipment. The Referee does not have to grant time-out if he feels it would be an unfair advantage or that it may in any way take away the advantage from the other Fighter, unless the request is related to a health and safety issue.
Time-Outs shall be kept to a minimum. If the Referee feels that a Fighter is using Time-Outs to rest or to prevent the other Fighter from scoring, a warning shall be given for delaying the Match. Only the Chief Official or the Technical Committee of Semi-Contact or their appointed representatives may interrupt the Match from outside the Ring. They shall attract the attention of the Referee who shall call Time-Out.
If a Coach wishes to lodge a complaint or protest, he shall notify the Chief Referee. He may, if possible, handle the protest without stopping the match.
  1. Injury (See Rule on injuries and treatment)
  2. For the Referee to confer with Officials
  3. For the Referee to converse with a Fighter or his Coach
  4. To ensure safety and fair play
  5. Time-Out is not called to issue points. The Referee should do this quickly to ensure that each
  6. Fighter has the benefit of the complete Fighting time allowed for the Match.
  7. Referees who are not proficient in administering the Match quickly and fairly, may be replaced by the HBIO Tournament chief referee.

In the case of an injury to one of the Competitors, the Match shall be stopped only long enough for the Medic/Doctor to decide whether or not the injured Fighter can continue. Once the Medic/Doctor arrives in the Ring, he shall have only two minutes to decide if the injury requires treatment. All treatment must be completed within two minutes.
If the injury is serious, it must be treated by the Medics/Doctor on duty who are the only ones who can say if the Match must be terminated.
If the Match must be stopped because of injury, the Officials must decide:
  1. Who caused the injury
  2. Whether or not it was an intentional injury
  3. Whether or not it was the fault of the injured Fighter
  4. Whether or not the injury was caused by an illegal technique
  5. If there were no Rules violations by the uninjured Fighter, that Fighter shall win by forfeiture.
  6. If there was a Rules violation by the uninjured Fighter, the injured Fighter wins by disqualification.
  7. If the injured Fighter is declared fit to continue by the Medic/Doctor, then the Fight shall resume

Article 29
Referee duties
  1. Check the safety equipment and clothes of the fighters (unless differently decided by Tournament Committee).
  2. Make sure that a weakened Player does not suffer unjust and unnecessary blows.
  3. Make sure that the rules of fair play are strictly observed.
  4. Supervise the whole of the bout.
  5. At the end of a bout, gather and check the score sheets of the three Judges (If applicable).
  6. After verification, he must hand them to the Observer/Organizer of the Ring, or, if he is absent, to the announcer. He may also announce the winner by electronic scoring.
  7. At the end of a bout, gather and check the score sheets of the three judges. After verification, he must hand them over to the Observer of the Area or, if he is absent, to the announcer.
  8. When the winner is announced, the referee must raise the winning Player's arm. He must indicate to the Hapkido-boxer's, by appropriate signs or gestures, any violation of the Regulations.

Article 30
Referee Commands
Time = forming the letter T with hands, to give order for time keeper to stop the clock until referee says command Fight.
Referee will give the order Time on these occasions:
When he gives a warning to a fighter (opponent must immediately go to the neutral corner) When a fighter asks for stoppage of time by rising right hand (opponent must immediately go to the neutral corner).
When referee sees it's necessary to correct a fighter's equipment or uniform. When referee sees that a fighter is injured (maximum time for doctor's intervention is 2 minutes for seniors and juniors and 1.5 minutes for boys/girls).
  1. Shake hands = shake hands at the beginning of the fight.
  2. Fight = to begin contest/fight or after an interruption of the fight.
  3. Stop = the fight is interrupted immediately and may only be resumed after the referee gives a new command. When points are being made given, the fighters must go back to their starting positions immediately.
  4. TIME = when the central referee says TIME he must say the reason why he stopped the clock.
  5. BREAK =to break up a body-to-body position, after which each boxer must draw back before continuing the fight.